There has been a human settlement on the site of this small town (current population just over 4,800) since Neolithic times. Just 15km north-west of Antequera on the A92, on the lower slopes of the Sierra de Mollina, this is set in perfect olive and cereal country. It is also a mere ten km from the Laguna de Fuente de la Piedra lake, famous for its pink flamingos.
Mollina has four major annual festivals. The Candelaria, or candle-lit procession, is celebrated on the first day of February, and in May there is a Romería, or procession into the country, in honour of the Virgen de la Oliva.