There has been a human settlement on the site of this small town (current population just over 4,800) since Neolithic times. Just 15km north-west of Antequera on the A92, on the lower slopes of the Sierra de Mollina, this is set in perfect olive and cereal country. It is also a mere ten km from the Laguna de Fuente de la Piedra lake, famous for its pink flamingos.
The present town, however, dates mainly from a more peaceful time, the 16th century, when the Reconquest was won and the lands parcelled out for farming to the victors. Thus the peacetime Mollina grew up around a convent, the Convento de la Ascension, rather than a fortified encampment like many Andalucían towns. (Don't miss the handsome sundial on the convent façade.)