There has been a human settlement on the site of this small town (current population just over 4,800) since Neolithic times. Just 15km north-west of Antequera on the A92, on the lower slopes of the Sierra de Mollina, this is set in perfect olive and cereal country. It is also a mere ten km from the Laguna de Fuente de la Piedra lake, famous for its pink flamingos.
The name derives in fact from a milling tower, the Torre Mollina (similar to the Costa's Torremolinos), which vanished some time in the Middle Ages. An alternative theory claims the name originates with its Roman rulers and derives from the Latin 'mollis', suave, or bland.